Bible Language English. Nehemiah kept his promise to return to King Artaxerxes and then returned to Jerusalem (13:6). God put a plan in Nehemiah’s mind (2:12). After completing the wall, Nehemiah worked with Ezra, the priest to reconnect the people with God. Nehemiah replied that they had invented things and then he prayed to God for strength. We should look at obstacles as challenges to press on and trust God. After some time in Susa he returned to Jerusalem, only to find that the people had fallen back into their evil ways. Nehemiah assembled the people when he heard of fighting within (5:1-13). Nehemiah broke them into teams of families to work on the various sections of the wall. The book of Nehemiah begins between mid-November and mid-December in the twentieth year of the reign of King Artaxerxes (approximately 446 B.C.) Nehemiah understood the consequences of both holiness and turning away from God. Several times Nehemiah asked God to remember him for good. He glorified God with listing the Lord’s attributes. He quietly worked for King Artaxerxes as drink bearer. And, he did not allow lack of information to keep him from what he could do at the time. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. The restoration of Jewish exiles to the promised land highlights the Lord’s faithfulness in keeping His promises. The biblical sources for Nehemiah’s life and work are the autobiographical portions scattered through the book. He stood with the priests and scribes and people to listen to the reading of the law and then the prayer of confession of the people. He stood at the House of God for the dedication of the wall and celebration (12:27-43). People living in a city without a solid wall remained defenseless and humiliated. The repair of the wall and recommitment of the people is the last recorded history in the Old Testament. Nehemiah showed wisdom in proceeding with the most information available. "Memory Trauma in Ezra-Nehemiah" in David Chalcraft, ed., This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 03:39. He asked for success before King Artaxerxes. Non-Jews were permitted to conduct business inside Jerusalem on the Sabbath and to keep rooms in the Temple. Still, Nehemiah is blamed by the Rabbis for his seemingly boastful expression, "Think upon me, my God, for good" (Neh. Ezra wrote about the rebuilding of the temple under Zerubbabel, while Nehemiah wrote concerning the rebuilding of … [10] Once there, Nehemiah defied the opposition of Judah's enemies on all sides—Samaritans, Ammonites, Arabs and Philistines—and rebuilt the walls within 52 days, from the Sheep Gate in the North, the Hananeel Tower at the North West corner, the Fish Gate in the West, the Furnaces Tower at the Temple Mount's South West corner, the Dung Gate in the South, the East Gate and the gate beneath the Golden Gate in the East. Article Images Copyright ©. He was also prayerfully prepared when outside opposition began. He prayed for four months before God answered his first prayer  (1:1,2:1). When he rebuked the people for profaning the Sabbath he also reminded them that their troubles came from not being holy (13:17-18). Ezra 2:2 . James D. G. Dunn, John William Rogerson, Eerdmans, 2003), "Ezra the scribe: the development of Ezra 7–10 and Nehemiah 8", "Rebuilding identity: the Nehemiah-memoir and its earliest readers", "Jerusalem in the Persian (and Early Hellenistic) Period and the Wall of Nehemiah", "Archaeology and the List of Returnees in the Books of Ezra and Nehemiah", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nehemiah&oldid=998809213, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Cataldo, Jeremiah. A good wall also gave the people a sense of security and community. Nehemiah exhibited patience. Men of the Bible — Dwight L. Moody. Question: "Who was Nehemiah in the Bible?" Ezra 2:2 . 1 The words of Nehemiah son of Hacaliah. He ends up the governor of Jerusalem and supervises the repairs. Once there, Nehe… Cancel {{#items}} {{human}} {{/items}} ← Chapter. Bergren, Theodore A. In our fast paced, instant delivery world, we should slow down and wait on God’s timing. (Nehemiah 8:9) Lessons to learn from Nehemiah. Nothing is known of Nehemiah except what is written in the book bearing his name. Enemies threatened to attack, so the people prayed and set up guards (4:8-15). What Are "Signs and Wonders" of the End Times? Nehemiah overcame all the opposition and the people rebuilt the wall that laid in ruins for 70 years, in 52 days. He took the letters signed by the king and picked up the supplies along the journey. The book of Ezra tells us that Ezra is a scribe who knew the Law of Moses and also had access to the king. In chapter one he spent a long time in prayer from the heart with fasting. Leaders provide encouragement as Nehemiah did continually when he stated they were doing a great work. Greatly angered, he purified the Temple and the priests and Levites and enforced the observance of the law of Moses. This 13 part expository study of Nehemiah was preached at Flagstaff Christian Fellowship in 2002-2003. He humbly remained the secular leader and had the priests read the Word. He joined with the leaders, choir, and people to parade on the wall. In the month of Chislev, in the twentieth year, while I was in Susa the capital, 2 one of my brothers, Hanani, came with certain men from Judah; and I asked them about the Jews that survived, those who had escaped the captivity, and about Jerusalem. She is an author of twenty-five books, a writing coach, international speaker, and former television host. His task is to rebuild the walls and to re-populate the city. Cancel {{#items}} {{/items}} Nehemiah 1. Find out about the project here, or feel free to get in contact. He also fed 150 Jews and officials daily without using his allowance as governor. [1][2] The name is pronounced /ˌniːəˈmaɪə/ or /ˌniːhəˈmaɪə/ in English. This view is supported by the Syriac and Arabic versions of 10:1, which read: "Nehemiah the elder, the son of Hananiah the chief of the priests"; and by the Latin Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) of 2 Macc 1:21, where he is called "Nehemiah the priest," and possibly by 2 Macc 1:18, where it is said that Nehemiah "offered sacrifices, after that he had builded the temple and the altar." Cancel {{#items}} {{local_name}} {{/items}} Book. The name Nehemiah means “comforted of Yah” (International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia) or God comforts.. Nehemiah acted with wisdom. The Rabbis think that these two faults were the reason that this book is not mentioned under its own name, but forms part of the Book of Ezra (Sanh. Nehemiah was one of the most underrated heroes in the Bible, cupbearer to the powerful Persian king Artaxerxes I Longimanus. 12). Nehemiah 1. Thus, Bible scholars suggest that Ezra-Nehemiah was finalized around 430 B.C. In that prayer he asked for restoration of the nation of Israel and for God to keep the promise to bring the Israelites back to Jerusalem, if they would return to God. This article about Nehemiah, together with other tools, activities, aids and materials and are designed to be used by an individual or a Christian Bible study group. The Second Book of Maccabees assigns several roles to the subject which is not attested elsewhere. He never took credit for himself but gave the glory to God. Who Was Nehemiah & Why Is He Important in the Bible? Reading the Scriptures in religious assemblies is an ordinance of God, whereby he is honoured, and his church edified. He’s a slave for a foreign king in Persia in 444 BC. [1], Most scholars believe Nehemiah was a real historical figure and that the Nehemiah Memoir, a name given by scholars to certain portions of the book written in the first person, is historically reliable.[3][4][5]. He shared the favor the king gave and how God’s hand had been with him and that motivated the people. I summarised the Bible on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - one tweet per chapter, one chapter per day. He was one of the last of the prophets, was supposed to be contemporary with Malachi, and perhaps his book was one of the last of the Old Testament books that was written. Author: The Book of Nehemiah does not specifically name its author, but both Jewish and Christian traditions recognize Ezra as the author. The name Nehemiah means “Yahweh has comforted.” He was one of the three leaders that were sent from Persia on a special mission to rebuild Jerusalem. I asked them about the Jews who lived through the captivity. He also stopped people from working on the Sabbath, and commended the Levites to purify themselves and perform their duties (13:8-22, 30). Through the process of restoring and dedicating the wall we glean many lessons from Nehemiah on prayer, leadership, overcoming enemies, restoring hearts, integrity, and holiness. Nehemiah Bible Study E-book: If this Bible study is helpful for you, get the whole Nehemiah study in one convenient e-book . He arrived in Jerusalem equipped for the work. v. 19, xiii. After 12 years as governor, during which he ruled with justice and righteousness, he returned to the king in Susa. The plan included teamwork, persistence, and cooperation, plus trust in God. Throughout the book we see a man wholly focused on God. He trusted God’s promises to Moses to restore the people. He faces opposition from three … I, Nehemiah, was in the capital city of Susa. Nehemiah’s prayer life reflected a believer who trusted God. The plea to be remembered for good is reflected in the words of Jesus regarding servants who wisely used talents given them (Matthew 25) that state “Well done good and faithful servant.” Let’s follow Nehemiah’s example and live a life worthy of God’s praise. Date of Writing: The Book of Nehemiah was likely written between 445 and 420 B.C. Photo Credit: Unsplash/Guillaume De Germain. In chapter two, God put a plan in Nehemiah’s mind (v12), and he told the people that God’s hand had been favorable to him (v18). Nehemiah wept when he heard the news of the broken wall and burned gates. Nehemiah’s role in the Bible. When the work got well under way, the opposition took on a somewhat different form. Scripture chapters verses with full summary, commentary meaning, and concordances for Bible study. In the corresponding verse of Nehemiah (Nehemiah 7:7) there are twelve names, one of which (it is probable) has accidentally fallen out here. This is based on the fact that the Books of Ezra and Nehemiah were originally one. Meaning: consolation; repentance of the Lord . We should share our faith and encourage our family members to be faithful to God. Verse one tells us that the wall was built, the doors had been set up and the porters, the singers and Levites were in their place. He directed the leaders and choir to go on top of the wall. It was in the month of Kislev. Nehemiah’s Prayer Read Nehemiah 1. He stated that he was doing a great work (6:2-4). [16], With Ezra, Nehemiah marks the spring-time in the national history of Judaism (Cant. # This is probably referring to the twentieth year King Artaxerxes I ruled Persia. They opposed the Jews and tried to stop the work. Bible > Library. Nehemiah gives us even more details on Ezra’s role within the people of Israel. The Best Way White Christians Can Respond to Racial Tensions, This site is a proud member of the Salem Web Network, a subsidiary of, Copyright © 2021, Crosswalk.com. He paid attention to his actions and focused on pleasing God. He desired to please God and willingly wanted God to observe him and be with him. Now available in Paperback and on Kindle. A remnant of the Israelites had returned 70 years earlier and rebuilt the temple, but without walls, the city remained vulnerable to attack. His life teaches us many things that we should learn, and here are but a few of them: 1) The fear of God is necessary for compassion. He then took measures to repopulate the city and purify the Jewish community, enforcing the cancellation of debt, assisting Ezra to promulgate the law of Moses, and enforcing the divorce of Jewish men from their non-Jewish wives. Once in Jerusalem Nehemiah waited three days without announcing his presence or reason for coming. He prays fervently and continually. THE BOOK OF NEHEMIAH Problems common to the combined books Ezra-Nehemiah have been pointed out in the Introduction to the Book of Ezra. 123b). The @biblesummary account peaked at over 30,000 followers, and was featured in the news all over the world. Thence they must fetch their knowledge; according to that rule they must speak, and must show that they do so. Next, the enemies tried to slander and shame Nehemiah with a report they would send to the king. Artaxerxes sent him to Judah as governor of the province with a mission to rebuild, letters explaining his support for the venture, and provision for timber from the king's forest. as the provincial governor, further indicating Nehemiah’s position of authority in … Nehemiah in the Bible. A certain mishnah is declared by the Rabbis to have originated in the school of Nehemiah (Shab. Who Was Nehemiah & Why Is He Important in the Bible?,Karen Whiting - Study from the Bible and be encouraged to grow your faith! Nehemiah spoke to all the people and inspired them to work. Nehemiah is believed to have returned to Jerusalem about 445 B.C. Bible Survey - Nehemiah Hebrew Name - Nechemiyah "Nehemiah" Greek Name - Neemias (Greek form of the Hebrew) Author - Nehemiah (Ezra and Nehemiah were treated as one book in Jewish Tradition) Date - From 455-420 BC Approximately Theme of Nehemiah - The rebuilding of Jerusalem Types and Shadows - In Nehemiah Jesus is the one who led the captives out . Nehemiah is the central figure of the Book of Nehemiah, which describes his work in rebuilding Jerusalem during the Second Temple period. In the Hebrew bible the book of Nehemiah and the book of Ezra are one book so they must have also the same author. He always obeyed God. Like the books of Ezra and Esther, Nehemiah tells us what happened after the Jewish exile to Babylon.Israel has been disciplined, and is now being restored to her land and her God. 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